Bio-Waste or Biomedical waste or hospital waste is any kind of wastes containing infectious materials. It may also include waste originated from or associated with medical laboratories and path labs.
Bio-medical waste may be solid or liquid or a mixture of both. Examples of infectious waste include discarded bloods, sharps, unwanted microbiological cultures, identifiable body parts, human or animal tissue, used bandages, dressings, discarded gloves, other medical supplies that may have been in contact with laboratories waste or blood and blood fluids.
Waste sharp include potentially contaminated used or unused needles, lancets, scalpels and other devices capable of penetrating skin.
Common places where, bio-medical wastes are generated includes hospitals, medical clinics, nursing homes, path labs, medical research centers or laboratories, and offices of physicians, dentists, morgues or funeral homes.
Bio-Medical wastes or hospital wastes have always been considered as potentially hazardous in view of the inherent potential of dissemination of infection. According to Bio-Medical (Management and Handling) Rule-1998, all bio-medical waste shall be treated and disposed according to rule with help of requisite bio-medical waste treatment facilities like incinerator, autoclave, microwave system for the treatment of waste or any other treatment facility.
It is well known fact that the establishment of such facility individually is beyond the capacity of small or even medium size or large hospitals and nursing homes. Thus, government establishes one large facility for treatment of bio-wastes.
Thus, Path Labs, Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Clinics, Research Laboratories instead of installing large bio-waste medical waste treatment facilities, can opt for treatment of bio-waste at treatment facilities run by government or public hospitals etc.